When it comes to keeping your dog happy and healthy, there are obviously a range of ways that you can encourage a good lifestyle. But sometimes, your dog will get sick regardless of how well they live. Having a knowledge of the most common dog ailments and their warning signs can help you to identify when your dog is not feeling at their best, and can help your vet to diagnose the illness quickly so you can start treating the problem sooner. Let’s take a look at the most common dog health problems and their warning signs.
Ear infections are very common in dogs, and can be caused by a whole range of things such as allergies, bacteria and ear mites. Some of the signs that your dog may have an ear infection include regular head shaking, ear odour, vigorous scratching and ear discharge. Take your dog to the vet as soon as possible after they start exhibiting these symptoms. If you need a carrier to take them in, make sure to check it out before buying. Medicating the ear canal should treat the problem fairly quickly.
Dogs can end up getting a whole range of internal parasites including tapeworms and hookworms. These are likely to make your dog feel uncomfortable, as well as causing diarrhea, weight loss and a change in appetite. The treatment will vary depending on what type of worm your dog has, but the general treatment involves oral medication. Avoid treating your dog until you have taken your dog to the vet and you know what type of worm is causing the problem.
If your dog has fleas, these need to be dealt with quickly. It takes just three weeks for a single flea to turn into a full-blown infestation of thousands. It should be obvious that your dog has fleas due to their excessive scratching, biting at the skin and hair loss. If untreated, they can end up causing allergic reactions, infections and can also cause anemia and blood loss. Your vet will be able to give you more advice about the right medication which could include collars, oral medicines or sprays.
Acute moist dermatitis, most commonly known as hot spots, are the bare and inflamed red areas on your dog’s skin. If left untreated, these hot spots can quickly grow larger. The most common forms of treatment include shaving and cleaning the area that has become irritated, giving anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids.
Just like in humans, there is a wide range of possible reasons why your dog may be vomiting. A few of the potential causes include everything from digestive problems or internal parasites to something more sinister like kidney failure or heart stroke. It is so important that you have your dog checked out if it is regularly vomiting, seems lethargic or can’t hold down liquids. Treatment will vary widely depending on what is causing the issue, so it is very important that you get the professional support of a vet as soon as possible.